Pollution is the most disconcerting menace across the world and is the most significant concern of public health. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), 5.5 million people die each year due to pollution alone. And, of course, it is the suffixing cause of death followed by heart disease and smoking.
The major causes of air pollution are the emissions from power plants, factories, vehicle exhausts, burning of coal and wood etc., that can’t avoided many of the times. But, the problem can be easily dealt with the help of IoT technologies. Some of the countries initiated working on the technology that allows collecting exact information of the cause & place of pollution and preventive measures to reduce it.
How can we reduce air pollution by implementing IoT:
Air pollution has been a matter of environment and health concern particularly in urban areas. Central Pollution Control Board along with State Pollution Control Boards has been operating National Air Monitoring Program (NAMP) covering 240 cities of the country. In addition, continuous monitoring systems that provide data on near real-time basis are also installed in a few cities.
IoT devices are embedded with Sensors, through which the data is sent/received and based on the standard range of the parameters, the data is analysed. The effective functioning of the Sensors is based on the LoRA Technology.
LoRa is an acronym for Long Range Radio. The key factor or the network objective of this wireless technology is IoT network. LoRA is a perfect solution for long-range connectivity, low-power consuming applications and battery operated sensors. LoRA executes the smart cities through sensors or automated applications.
KernelSphere Technologies Pvt. Ltd. is ecstatic to swank the LoRA Technology that is the immense asset for implementation of first ever Smart City in India. LoRA is the advanced technology in the process of IoT implementation.
The Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change launched ‘The National Air Quality Index’ (AQI) in New Delhi & outlined the AQI, as ‘One Number- One Colour-One Description’. The formulation of the index was a continuation of the initiatives under Swachh Bharat Mission envisioned by the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.
The Air Quality Monitoring devices are highly sensitive towards environment as they are capable of grasping even the minute changes of parameters in the environment. Air Quality Index (AQI) is one such tool for effective dissemination of air quality information to people.
The AQI values and corresponding ambient concentrations (health breakpoints) as well as associated likely health impacts for the identified eight pollutants are as follows:
Implementation of Air Pollution Monitoring System will be made effective with the individual sensors data measurements. The prevailing standard parameters for monitoring the air pollution are detailed below:
- PM2.5 /PM 10
Particulate Matter (PM2.5/PM 10) / Temperature & Humidity:
PM2.5 refers to atmospheric particulate matter (PM) that has a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometers and 10 microns respectively and is among the most dangerous air pollutants. Due to their small size, PM2.5 particles can travel deep into the human lung and can cause a variety of health issues; for instance, by triggering asthma attacks or contributing to cardiovascular disease. The new PM2.5 sensor solution will enable the implementation of innovative air quality monitoring device that prevent air pollution damage.
The above picture is the depiction of the data analysis. The Air Quality Monitoring System allows the online supervision of data and also stores the data for analysis in the web application. The monitoring system keeps tracking continuously, the Critical/Threshold levels of the data that on crossing the standard level alerts through SMS/Email prompting for necessary action. The data shall be available both online for instant monitoring and offline in the dashboard of the web application as well for a thorough analysis.
Prior information of level of particulate matter in surrounding air can save human lives from probable deteriorated health condition. Contemporary solutions are inadequate to monitor the air borne particulate matter level remotely. Internet of Things is a novel technique to monitor 2.5µm sized particulate matter level in smarter way. Serial output empowers the user to monitor the process of capture of data, network connectivity and data transmission towards the clouds.
Internet of Things (IoT) turns everything Smart in the human life with several sensors, collection of real time data etc., that can easily identify the critical snags of different sectors and simplifies the solutions with the smart technology in a smarter approach.