IoT technology: To improve banana crop production
Banana is the one of the favorite and economically most important fruit especially in a country like India where agriculture constitutes the very basis of the national economy. In fact, India is number one producer of banana in the world and so it deserves special attention while planning for its more production and healthy farming. Banana farming occupies a major portion of the cultivated land in our India.
In India banana is largely grown in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar. Banana production alone constitutes 32 per cent of the fruit production in India. There are many health benefits of banana apart from its taste that has made it famous tasty fruit all over the world.
Problems faced in banana cultivation
Nonavailability of pest resistant quality suckers, unawareness of the different diseases that affect banana plant and of the pesticides to be used to control the diseases, lack of knowledge about crop insurance scheme and its usefulness, inadequate finance to meet the cost of production are some of the problems faced by the growers during cultivation. The solution this can be implementing Smart farming methods.
Transformative Action in Banana Cultivation: Smart farming
Smart Farming has become the main trend in Agriculture sector. According to the FAO, by 2050 food production may increase a 70% to feed 9.6 billion people. As we have reported in our Smart Agriculture white paper, food and agricultural companies are increasing investments daily to integrate IoT solutions in some of their processes to cut down costs, to increase quality and quantity of the harvesting and also to ease some routine activities of farmers. It is essential to guarantee production and competitiveness.
High accuracy monitoring in crops
Plantain crop has special significance for the Indian economy. So the implementation of this technique in India too can help a lot in the improvement of banana crop production. Crop flood, a decrease of oxygen in the soil, high humidity, low temperatures and low luminosity cause a lower plant development and a bigger predisposition to be affected by plagues and diseases. During winter campaign, the great increase of plagues and diseases makes pesticides vigilance and control something vital for producers. The suitable technological developments allow reaching this goal.
Libelium Waspmote Plug & Sense Sensor Platform
Improving crop conditions will increase the economic relevance of banana production in India. For this reason, India has to select Libelium Waspmote Plug & Sense Sensor Platform to develop a Smart Farming project with remote sensors. In this Technology Plantain crops have been monitored with different sensors added to Wasp mode Plug & Sense:
Waspmote Plug & Sense Smart Agriculture has following features:
- Digital Humidity & Temperature Sensor
- Soil Moisture Sensor
- Soil Temperature Sensor
- Trunk diameter Sensor
- Fruit diameter Sensor
- Solar Radiation Sensor
Waspmote Plug & Sense! Sensor Platforms communicate with the Meshlium Gateway through 802.15.4 protocols while the data is sent to the Cloud via 3G and GPRS. The information is visualized in an own cloud-based application for the project. The platform is accessible through any computer and also by a mobile application.
Smart farming using the platform that will allow obtaining knowledge from the crops and also to develop and deploy technology for agriculture sector as the first step for future researchers. Our aim is to upgrade and promote innovation and competitiveness to all the processes related to environmental and agriculture sectors, considers Jerry Giovanni Colorado Cano, Consultant of Tecnoparque Note Pereira in virtual technology line.
Some of the benefits of deploying this smart farming in India are
- Improving environmental and agricultural sustainability.
- Promoting sustainable productivity in plantain crops.
- Organic waste management.
- Crops traceability.
- Safety of the product.
With the deployment of the Smart Agriculture project, the Indian agriculture will obtain and manage knowledge about precision farming in relation to remote sensing application in crops. The installation will allow and also identifying characterizing a concrete plantain crops area thanks to the wireless sensor network. Smart banana crop farming will help to improve banana production and India will keep the top position in the ranking of export countries as it is in banana production.